Indonesia Best Blue Fire Ijen Crater Mountain
Ijen Crater Indonesia is the most acidic crater in the world. The crater has a depth of approximately 300 meters below the caldera wall. Ijen began to be known the world since the arrival of two tourists from France, Nicolas Hulot and his wife Katia Kraft, in 1971. They wrote the story of the charm of the crater along with the hard life of the miners chunks of sulfur in the magazine Geo, France. Two things that become a major attraction for tourists and photographers the world.
Traveling to Ijen Crater Indonesia has a very beautiful natural charm. It has so beautiful scenery. In the morning, you’ll get a view of the amazing sunrise. In the morning sun shining on the crater will be reflected thereby forming the sheen turquoise color of the surface. However you have to be careful of water that looks very calm crater turned out to be dangerous. Water containing sulfur and heat up to 200 degrees Celsius.
In the early hours of the crater will give a fantastic beauty. Liquid sulfur is flowing endlessly below the crater cause emission of blue flame (blue fire). Blue fire can only be seen in Iceland and the second in Indonesia.
Ijen Crater Indonesia is a crater that used for sulfur mining in the district of Banyuwangi, East Java. This mining is the largest sulfur mining sites in Indonesia. And processing is still traditional way.
The crater has a sulfur sublimat that will never run out, because it can get out continuously by itself. This sublimat useful for various purposes of the chemical industry but it also can be used for sugar purification material.
Enjoy the mountain atmosphere is the main attraction for those visiting the Ijen Crater Indonesia. Not only sunrise, Ijen crater is also very charming, and the most anticipated of the visitors are able to witness firsthand the natural phenomenon Blue Fire in the crater that you can enjoy the early morning until 05:00 am.
Additionally, you will get a natural phenomenon of turquoise crater Lake. It will hypnotize any visitors who come there. The visitors who come here can also see the sulfur mining process, not only is it near the crater you can visit agrotourism, and here you will be shown how the processing of real coffee.
The History Of Ijen
Formerly, Mount Ijen is part of the government Blambangan. Blambangan name stood out in history when the king called Minak Jinggo wife refuses to recognize the authority of Majapahit. So cause war between government Blambangan and Majapahit. Minak Jinggo honorable defeated by Dhamarwulan, the youth of the common people who are able to fight and kill the enemies. With persistence Dhamarwulan she can marry the queen of Majapahit, Dewi Kencono Wungu, and become king. After losing, mountain Ijen increasingly a part of the kingdom of Majapahit, who heretofore known for its success.
Ijen name has also been mentioned as a prince of the kingdom of Wilis, guerrilla against the VOC of the slopes of the mountains in 1722. Ijen is the most ideal place for a hideout for the rebels. Its winding and filled with dense forests, it is very scary, haunted. This region is also called no man’s land.
Ijen region ranging touched when a ruler of Netherlands lease land in Indonesia to a captain from China, Han Ki Ko, who stayed in Surabaya and very rich and famous. Land lease also includes regions of Besuki, Panarukan, Probolinggo and the surrounding area. To attract workers, the Company is distributing free rice when people suffer from hunger. Then the thousands of migrants came from Madura, East Java. The workers began planting vegetables and rice using irrigation systems. But in 1813 the workers of the rebel with pioneered by Kyai Mas.
The end of the 19th century Dutch forced to reopen the land to be used as coffee and rubber plantation. Again brought thousands of workers from Madura. With this, it creates a ‘small Madura’ which became the center of a settlement of Madura. They brought the customs, culture, and language. Madura kecilini, till now still can be encountered in some parts of Jember, Situbondo, Bondowoso and Banyuwangi.
Traveling Tips To Ijen Crater Indonesia
- Choose the Right Time (Dry Season)
The best time to visit if you want to travel is during the dry season, because the roads are in relatively smoothly through. In contrast, if we visit during the rainy season, the road traversed will be slippery and frequent landslides and often covered in fog thick enough. and if you wish to get the best views, you have to start climbing around 03.00 and forecasts up at 4:30 so you can witness the phenomenon of Blue Fire in the crater.
- Prepare the Physical Condition
Prepare your physical and full of tracking equipments, because the trip to the caldera takes about 10 hours by foot.
- Hire a Local Guide
To keep us safe in passing uphill route that you can use the services of local guides who were there, eventually you will be helped and will not get lost because they already know the way and what part is good for a photocall.
- Prepare Supplies Tracking
Personal preparation is required among others drinking water, medicine, masks, gloves, hats, boots for climbing, stick, tents (if you want to stay overnight in the area paltuding), it is prepared for the later trip is the climbing route.
5 Obey Existing Regulations
Obey the rules and signs are there in order to avoid unwanted things. Especially not to descend into the crater walls, because it deals with the safety of yourselves.