What is Rhinitis?


What is Rhinitis? Rhinitis is an inflammation and irritation that occurs in the mucous membranes in the nose. Rhinitis is divided into two, namely allergic rhinitis and non-allergic rhinitis. Or allergic rhinitis, also called hay fever caused by allergies to elements such as dust and pollen. Meanwhile, non-allergic rhinitis is not caused by allergies but conditions such as viral and bacterial infections.

Rhinitis Symptoms:

Rhinitis have similar symptoms such as runny nose and usually will appear shortly after exposure to allergens. Rhinitis symptoms that usually appear are:

  • Stuffy or runny nose.
  • Reduced sensitivity of the sense of smell.
  • Discomfort or irritation in and around your nose.

If the symptoms are caused by non-allergic rhinitis, for example due to viral infection, usually you will experience additional symptoms, such as pain, muscle pain, and cough. In the non-allergic rhinitis, the crust can grow inside the nose and emit a foul odor. If you want to get rid of it can cause bleeding. Rhinitis caused by allergies can cause some itching.

Some people experience severe symptoms of rhinitis and continuing to interfere with daily life due to the disturbed sleep at night. However, most patients with rhinitis only experience mild symptoms that are easily treated effectively.


The Cause of Rhinitis

Inflammation of the mucous membranes caused by bacteria, allergens (allergy), and the virus causes symptoms of rhinitis.  Some causes of allergic rhinitis is the outer layer of dead skin or hair of animals, the chemicals in the workplace, house dust mites, as well as pollen and spores. While the cause of non-allergic rhinitis are environmental factors, tissue damage in the nose, excessive use of nasal decongestants, and infection.


The Diagnosis Of Rhinitis
There are several ways to diagnose allergic rhinitis, including by knowing the symptoms as well as personal and family health history. In addition, there are two major allergy tests that may aid in the diagnosis of rhinitis, that blood tests and skin prick tests. If it were not for allergies, other medical tests such as endoscopy in the nasal cavity and CT-scan can be performed to check the nasal cavity.


Complications of rhinitis

Rhinitis has led to the risk of complications, but it is uncommon. Here are rhinitis complications may happen:

  • Infection occurs because the mucus can not drain from the sinuses due to swelling and inflammation of the nasal cavity.
  • Middle ear infections. The ear is located behind the eardrum can become infected as a result of rhinitis.
  • Nasal polyps. The tissue that grows in the hole nasal cavity and sinuses due to inflammation of the lining of the nasal cavity wall.

Surgery may be needed to address the problem of severe and have lasted long, but if it is not too severe, the problem can be solved with drugs.


Prevention of rhinitis

Prevention of rhinitis is to avoid triggers that can cause symptoms of rhinitis, such as avoiding polluted environment or exposed to smoke. In addition, you should avoid common allergens, such as pollen, dust, mold spores, dead skin, dirt and dry pet urine.
For rhinitis is not caused by allergies, immediately treat the fundamental causes that are not sustainable. For example, taking antibiotics for rhinitis due to bacterial infection. (source: Ala dokter)

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